Hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cross-Sectional Surveys in Four Rural and Urban Communities
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of adult mortality in low-income countries but data on the prevalence of hypertension are scarce, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This study aims to assess the prevalence of hypertension and determinants of blood pressure in four SSA populations in rural Nigeria and Kenya, and urban Namibia and Tanzania.
Evidence is found, that hypertension was the most frequently observed risk factor for CVD in both urban and rural communities in SSA and will contribute to the growing burden of CVD in SSA. Low levels of control of hypertension are alarming. Strengthening of health care systems in SSA to contain the emerging epidemic of CVD is urgently needed.
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