Uganda proposes national health insurance for all its residents
Uganda is looking at ways to implement a health insurance for all Ugandans. This plan, presented in the National Health Insurance Bill is to be tabled before the Parliament.
The draft bill seeks to establish a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for all residents in Uganda and provides for payment of contributions, accreditation of healthcare providers and payment of scheme healthcare providers among others.
Under the NHIS, employers will be required to contribute 4% of every employee's gross salary to the scheme. Employees would also contribute an additional 4% to make the proposed 8%.
Before the draft was finalized, World Health Organisation (WHO) officials met with Ministry of Health officials to analyze and clarify the figures in the actuarial study. The draft bill was being updated to address most stakeholders' concerns.
For an earlier draft bill failed to give a clear actuarial study and this raised skepticism among the stakeholders. An actuarial study is a statistical analysis of the future costs associated with social benefit programmes along with recommended annual programmes to meet these costs.
22 percent of their earnings
Recent research by the WHO on Uganda's health sector revealed that Ugandans spend 22 percent of their earnings on healthcare and that six percent of the poorest who make the highest number of hospital visits have to sell their assets to meet medical bills.
Only two percent of 30 million Ugandans have health insurance, compared to 96 percent in Rwanda and 10 percent in Tanzania.
Source: Paul Mwijagye